The mountain is synonymous with great spaces, freedom, nature, healthy living and clean air. A healthy and vital place that we all know the beneficial properties but which may involve a number of risks to health that we must know in order to prevent.
The highest mountain in fact exposes the human body to particular physical and mechanical stresses that can produce health consequences unpredictable and potentially dangerous.
…the mountain climate, is a blessing for the human body for its many psychological and physical benefits…
In this section we will focus on these issues with advice on prevention and management of unforeseen but very frequently, almost always related to the altitude and the mountain climate.
The altitude can test the respiratory system and cardiovascular system.
The main risk, above a certain height (2000/2500 meters), resulting in bad acute mountain, a result of a lowering of the oxygen concentration of the inspired air (rarefaction) that determines hypoxia (reduced oxygenation of the blood).
The most common symptoms are: headache, vomiting, malaise, shortness of breath and insomnia. In some cases, potential neurological symptoms such as dizziness and lethargy.
In most cases the signs are mild and the action to be taken is simple: rest and wait for the body to adapt to new climatic conditions and altitude, avoid physical effort challenging, use mild painkillers (paracetamol) and hydrate abundantly (2 -3 liters of water per day).
The mountain climate, is a blessing for the human body for its many psychological and physical benefits (action on the neurological system, hematopoietic, respiratory, endocrinology), and is therefore particularly suitable for individuals with bronchial asthma, anemia, and hyperthyroidism.
On the other hand, the body is made to live at sea level and in the mountains, the cold, the wind, changes in temperature and lack of energy reserves may affect the physiological balance of some devices (visual, cutaneous, muscle, cardiorespiratory) with potentially harmful effects.
Are therefore common sense rules to use chemical-protection suit, dress in layers, wear sunglasses even on cloudy days, to protect areas of the body most exposed and vulnerable (face, hands, feet) and above all listen to your body and mind , respecting them and indulge them, so you leave home thoughts, concerns and … doctors!